The discussion on sustainable development in Africa is built on a tripartite structure. Vincent Onyango focuses on the triad of process, substance and “enlightened or ideologised” approaches in relation to a representative case study (Kenya). This involves a juxtaposition of Brundtland’s concept of sustainable development and indicators of performance, with a view to problematising existing challenges. He considers possible solutions by examining a more transformational and fit-for-purpose approach in the light of Brundtland’s view. Edwin Ezeokafor considers the inadequacies of the Millennium Development Goals, especially from the standpoint of security. This entails an examination of intractable terrorist activities, restiveness caused by subnational groups and non-state actors, and how cross-border crimes have undermined sustainable development in Africa. Dapel Theophilus examines sustainable development in Africa, with Nigeria as a case study. This sub-theme involves a detailed analysis of the forces that have shaped the economic situation of Nigeria. He also considers possible solutions.
Dapel Theophilus is a PhD candidate at the University of Dundee. His research is focused on poverty mobility, inequality and oil in Nigeria.